Bosnia and Herzegovina citizenship by naturalization

Citizenship by naturalization is a procedure used in Bosnia and Herzegovina to grant nationality to people who were not born there. According to a set of requirements and after adhering to the laws established by the Bosnian government, naturalization is granted.

How to get citizenship by naturalization in Bosnia and Herzegovina

There are prerequisites and steps that must be taken in order to naturalize and become a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina. An outline of the overall procedure is provided here:

  1. Eligibility. To be eligible for naturalization in Bosnia and Herzegovina, you must fulfill several requirements. These standards could include:
    • At least 18 years of age is required.
    • You must have lived in Bosnia and Herzegovina legally and continuously for a set amount of time (often at least 8 years).
    • A valid residence permit is required.
    • You must be proficient in either Serbian, Croatian, or Bosnian.
    • You must show that you are familiar with Bosnia and Herzegovina’s judicial and societal structures.
  2. Application. You may submit an application for naturalization to the appropriate government once you have satisfied the eligibility requirements. The Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina is in charge of handling citizenship applications.
  3. Documentation to Support. You must submit a number of supporting documents with your application, which may include:
    • Current passport
    • Birth registration
    • Certificate of marriage, if applicable
    • A record of your legal residence
    • Linguistic qualification certificate
    • Criminal History Report
    • Employment history, if necessary
    • Evidence of financial security
  4. Review and judgment. Your application and supporting documentation will be examined by the Ministry of Security. To evaluate your understanding of the nation and its systems, they might also conduct an interview with you. The government will then decide whether to grant your request for naturalization.
  5. Swearing of allegiance. You will be expected to swear loyalty to Bosnia and Herzegovina if your application is accepted. This could entail going to a ceremony when you express your allegiance and dedication to the nation.
  6. Certificate of Citizenship. You will receive a citizenship certificate after taking the oath, which formally attests to your Bosnian and Herzegovinian citizenship.

Documentation and Application

You must compile the necessary paperwork and submit an application to the appropriate government if you want to become a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina through naturalization. The following is a collection of often needed documents:

  1. A request form.
  2. Genuine passport.
  3. Certificate of Birth.
  4. license, if necessary.
  5. Evidence of residence. This could be a set of residency permits, registration papers, leases, utility bills, or other pertinent paperwork.
  6. Language ability. This can be accomplished by presenting a certificate of language competency from a recognized institution or by passing a language exam given by the appropriate authority.
  7. Criminal History Report.
  8. Records of employment (if necessary). This can contain contracts for employment, salary stubs, bank records, or other financial records.
  9. Other Documents to Support. These could include medical records, educational credentials, proof of community involvement, or any other documents.

The Ministry of Security or the official agency in charge of citizenship procedures should receive your full application and the accompanying documents after you have gathered all the necessary ones. Pay any costs that are necessary, and make sure to submit your application within the allotted time.

Dual Citizenship

Dual citizenship is permitted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which permits people to hold citizenship in two different countries at the same time. People are able to preserve their current citizenship under this provision while applying for Bosnian citizenship.


How long do I need to reside in Bosnia and Herzegovina to be eligible for citizenship by naturalization?

The general requirement is a minimum of 8 years of legal and continuous residence in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Is knowledge of the Bosnian, Croatian, or Serbian language required for naturalization?

Yes, applicants are typically required to demonstrate proficiency in one of these languages. This can be done through language exams or by providing language proficiency certificates from recognized institutions.

Are there any exceptions to the residency requirement?

Yes, there are certain exceptions that can reduce the residency requirement. For example, if you are married to a Bosnian citizen, the requirement can be reduced. Additionally, exceptional service to the country, such as in the fields of science, culture, or sports, can also lead to a reduction in the residency period.

Do I need to give up my current citizenship to become a citizen of Bosnia and Herzegovina?

Bosnia and Herzegovina generally allows dual citizenship. Therefore, in most cases, you can retain your current citizenship while acquiring Bosnian citizenship through naturalization.

Can I include my family members in my naturalization application?

Family members, such as spouses and minor children, can be included in your naturalization application. They will also need to meet the eligibility criteria and submit the required documents.


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