Estonian Citizenship by Marriage

Estonian Citizenship by Marriage allows foreign nationals who marry Estonian citizens to receive Estonian citizenship. If certain eligibility requirements are met, this option permits spouses of Estonian citizens to obtain citizenship through a streamlined naturalization process. The Estonian government values family unity and provides this opportunity for foreign spouses to integrate into Estonian society and enjoy the rights and privileges of Estonian citizenship.


  • The spouse of an Estonian citizen who has been married for at least three years.
  • The spouse of an Estonian citizen who has a child together and has been married for at least two years
  • The spouse of an Estonian citizen who has been married for less than two or three years, but who has been living together with the Estonian citizen for at least five years and can prove their integration into Estonian society


Obtaining Estonian Citizenship through Marriage entails several stages and conditions. The candidate must first and foremost be legally married to an Estonian citizen. As proof of married status, a valid marriage certificate issued by Estonian authorities or a recognized foreign authority must be supplied.

After the marriage is established, the candidate can begin the citizenship application procedure. The next stage is to acquire and submit the required papers, which may include personal identification documents, marriage certificates, proof of language proficiency, and evidence of integration into Estonian society. All documentation must be correct, full, and, if necessary, officially translated into Estonian or English.

Following the submission of the application, the Estonian authorities will analyze the papers and undertake a comprehensive evaluation of the applicant’s eligibility for citizenship. This evaluation may involve an interview as well as an examination of the applicant’s understanding of the Estonian language, culture, and society. The duration of the marriage, the stability of the relationship, and the applicant’s commitment to residing in Estonia will all be taken into account by the authorities.

If the application is approved, the applicant will be granted Estonian citizenship by marriage. This grants them the same rights and privileges as those who acquire citizenship through other means, including the right to live, work, and study in Estonia, access to social benefits and healthcare, and the ability to travel freely within the European Union.

It is worth noting that the processing time for Estonian Citizenship by Marriage may vary depending on the workload of the authorities and the complexity of the application. It is advisable to consult with an immigration lawyer or seek assistance from relevant government agencies to ensure a smooth and efficient application process.


If I am in a registered partnership rather than a marriage, am I still eligible to seek for Estonian citizenship through marriage?

No, only partners who are formally wed are eligible for Estonian citizenship through marriage.

How long does it take to process an application for Estonian citizenship by marriage?

The processing time for Estonian citizenship by marriage can vary, but it generally takes around six months from the time of application to receive a decision.

How long does the marriage need to be in effect before applying for citizenship?

There is no specific duration requirement for the length of the marriage. As long as the marriage is legally valid, applicants can apply for Estonian Citizenship by Marriage.

Is knowledge of the Estonian language required?

Yes, applicants are generally required to demonstrate basic knowledge of the Estonian language. This may involve passing a language proficiency test or providing other acceptable proof of language skills.


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