Hungarian Citizenship by Naturalization

Following the submission of an application and fulfillment of certain prerequisites, naturalization is the procedure for becoming a citizen of Hungary. A person can apply for naturalization if they want to become a citizen of Hungary but are not Hungarians by birth or descent.

Eligibility for Citizenship by Naturalization in Hungary

Eligibility for Hungarian citizenship by naturalization is determined based on several factors. Generally, individuals who meet the following criteria may be eligible:

  • Age: You must be at least 18 years old. If you are under 18, you may be eligible through different procedures, such as adoption or acquisition based on your parents’ citizenship.
  • Legal residence: You should have a legal and continuous residence in Hungary for at least eight years prior to your application. This means you must have had a valid residence permit during this period.
  • Language proficiency: You need to demonstrate a basic command of the Hungarian language. This requirement is typically fulfilled by passing a language examination.
  • Knowledge of Hungarian culture and the legal system: You should have knowledge of Hungary’s cultural heritage and legal system. This knowledge is usually assessed through an examination.
  • Means of subsistence: You must be able to prove that you have a stable and lawful source of income or financial support to sustain yourself and any dependents.
  • Good character and absence of criminal record: You must not have a criminal record and must demonstrate good moral character.
  • Renunciation of previous citizenship: In most cases, Hungary requires individuals to renounce their previous citizenship(s) when acquiring Hungarian citizenship, except when doing so would result in statelessness.

The Process

The process of obtaining Hungarian citizenship by naturalization typically involves the following steps:

  1. Residency requirement: Ensure that you have legally resided in Hungary for the required period (eight years) and have a valid residence permit.
  2. Language and knowledge examinations: Prepare for and pass the Hungarian language and cultural knowledge examinations. These exams assess your language proficiency and understanding of Hungarian culture and the legal system.
  3. Application submission: Gather the necessary documents and submit your application for Hungarian citizenship by naturalization to the regional office of the Office of Immigration and Nationality (OIN). The application form and required documents may include proof of identity, proof of legal residence, language and cultural knowledge examination certificates, and evidence of means of subsistence.
  4. Background check: The OIN conducts a background check to verify your criminal record and moral character.
  5. Decision and oath of allegiance: If your application is approved, you will be invited to take an oath of allegiance to Hungary and be granted Hungarian citizenship.


Do I need to pass a Hungarian language examination?

Yes, language proficiency is a requirement for Hungarian citizenship by naturalization. You need to demonstrate a basic command of the Hungarian language. This requirement is typically assessed through a language examination.

Can I include my family members in my naturalization application?

Generally, each family member must apply for citizenship individually. Spouses and minor children can apply together with the main applicant, but they will still have to meet the eligibility criteria individually.

How long do I have to live in Hungary for naturalization?

To be eligible for Hungarian citizenship by naturalization, applicants must have legally resided in Hungary for a continuous period of at least eight years. This period can be shorter in certain circumstances, such as for refugees or stateless individuals.

Are there any financial or economic requirements for Hungarian citizenship by naturalization?

Applicants must be able to support themselves and their dependents financially and have no history of financial dependence on the state.


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