Polish citizenship by marriage

Polish citizenship by marriage refers to the possibility of acquiring Polish citizenship by marriage to a Polish citizen. It allows foreign spouses of Polish nationals to obtain Polish citizenship if they meet certain criteria and follow the required legal processes.

How to get citizenship by marriage in Poland

Polish citizenship is obtained through marriage, but it does not take effect immediately when married to a Polish citizen. Naturalization permits a Polish citizen’s spouse to petition for Polish citizenship. Take note of the following critical points:

  • It is necessary to be a resident. The foreign spouse must have lawfully resided in Poland for a specified period of time, usually at least three years. This period may be reduced to two years in specific circumstances, such as when the couple has a child together or if the foreign spouse has been granted refugee status.
  • The duration of the marriage. There is no minimum marriage time required to seek Polish citizenship. The foreign spouse can commence the citizenship process as long as the marriage is valid and recognized under Polish law.
  • Language proficiency. Applicants for Polish citizenship must demonstrate a fundamental understanding of the Polish language. This criterion can be met by passing a language exam or enrolling in a Polish language course at a recognized institution.
  • Good character and no criminal record. Typically, the foreign spouse must have a clean criminal record and be of good character.
  • Financial stability. In rare situations, the foreign spouse may be required to show financial stability or the ability to support themselves and any dependents.

Documentation and Application

The foreign spouse can apply for Polish citizenship at a Voivodeship Office (Urzd Wojewódzki) regional office in the area where they live. The application must include all required documentation, such as:

  • identification;
  • proof of residence;
  • marriage certificate;
  • evidence of language proficiency.


Can I acquire Polish citizenship through marriage to a Polish citizen?

Yes, it is possible to acquire Polish citizenship through marriage to a Polish citizen, provided you meet the necessary requirements and go through the legal process.

How long do I need to be married to a Polish citizen before applying for citizenship?

Typically, you need to be married to a Polish citizen for a minimum of three years before becoming eligible to apply for Polish citizenship.

Is knowledge of the Polish language required?

Yes, knowledge of the Polish language is generally required for obtaining Polish citizenship. You may need to pass a language test or demonstrate proficiency through other means.

Are there any financial requirements?

While specific financial requirements may not be explicitly stated, you may need to demonstrate financial stability or the ability to support yourself and any dependents during the application process.

Where do I submit the application for Polish citizenship by marriage?

The application is usually submitted to the relevant Polish authorities, such as the provincial governor’s office or the voivodeship office. These offices can provide you with the necessary application forms and guidance on the submission process.

Can I hold dual citizenship with Poland?

Yes, Poland allows dual citizenship. This means that even if you acquire Polish citizenship through marriage, you may be able to retain your original citizenship if your home country permits dual citizenship.


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